ROME

Eternal City

Called "Eternal City" is the capital of Italy, the capital of the Lazio region, of the homonymous province, seat of the government and the bishop's seat of the Pope. From Rome there are eight major routes of communication: the Aurelia, the Cassia, the Flaminia, the Salaria, the Tiburtina, the Appia, the Casilina and the Ostiense. According to legend, the foundation of Rome was at the hands of Aeneas, who landed in Lazio on the banks of the Tiber River. The vestal Rhea Silvia gave birth to the divine twins Romulus and Remus, since their father was Mars, they were thrown into the Tiber but were dragged to the shore and suckled by a she-wolf. A pastor adopted them and informed them of their origin, so Romulus in 753 BC, founded Rome at the point where he was saved together with his brother. The first hill to be occupied was the Palatine, but soon the city became the "city of seven hills". The kings to follow were: Numa Pompilio, Tullo Ostilio, Anco Marzio, Tarquinio Prisco, Servio Tullio and Tarquinio the Superb. Later the Republic and the Roman State were established. In 390 a.C. Rome struggles with Latins, Samnites and Punics; once subdued, expansionist ambitions grew all over the world. After the fire of Nero, in 60 a. C. Pompeo, Cesare and Crasso made an agreement: "first Triumvirate". After the Giulio-Claudia family in 68 BC, the Flavia dynasty followed until 96 BC .; the Colosseum and the Arch of Titus were built. The city was then invaded by the Goths, Vandals and Saracens; under Boniface VIII in 1300 the first great Jubilee took place and Rome started towards a new rebirth, but some events such as the "Avignonese captivity" brought back poverty. In 1527 the army of Charles V set fire to the city: the well-known Sacco di Roma. Afterwards, many events took place which saw the French, the Austrians and Pope Pius IX as protagonists, until October 2, 1870, the city declared its annexation to Italy and in June 1871 Rome became Capital. In Rome there is a strong industrial reality consisting of medium and medium-small companies; the construction, publishing and electricity sectors; the city is among the largest agricultural municipalities in Europe. As for services, we can say that with the opening of the telecommunications market, there has been a considerable development of companies related to the sector. The tertiary sector, which is particularly flourishing in terms of tourism, is the prevailing economic activity. Being Rome Capital and a particularly multi-ethnic center, you can find any type of cuisine you want. Typical vegetables are puntarelle and broccoli; the most appreciated fish are anchovies and cod; the most famous cheeses are pecorino and ricotta romana. Among the typical dishes of the Roman culinary tradition there are: lamb, coratella, rigatoni with pajata, tripe, artichokes alla romana or giudia, carbonara, amatriciana and the coda alla vaccinara. As for meat, Rome is famous for using everything that is edible of entrails: tripe, heart, liver, spleen, tongue and brain. Typical desserts are: castagnole, frappe and maritozzi. Rome is always full of events, every night there are always appointments scattered in the many districts; in short, there is only the embarrassment of choice. Despite this we indicate some events such as: the Film Festival, the many events of the Roman summer, the Concertone of May 1, the Expo Tiber, Festa de Noantri, Rome Europa Festival, the Notte Bianca and many theatrical and cultural events. Sporting events such as the Rome Marathon, Serie A and the BNL International of Italy are also highly anticipated.

  

FUMONE

an hour and a quarter from Rome to visit the castle with its ghosts

The completely isolated position of Monte Fumone, the perfect preservation of medieval structures and, above all the buildings, the castle with the hanging garden, make Fumone a center of severe fascination. Located at 800 meters above sea level, a true anti-warship towards the south since the Popes of the Middle Ages had to fear the raids of the Saracens coming from the banks of the Garigliano, or those of the Longobards from the Duchy of Benevento and the Normans of the Principality of Salerno and of Capua. This is the Castrum, the ancient impregnable fortress with the Arx or "Fortissima Turri" in the center, as it was mentioned in the Middle Ages. Arriving at the top of the mountain, you can reach the city center through two gates: the Porta Romana in the direction of Rome, which in the past was the only access to the fortress, and the Porta Napoletana, which was an emergency exit. The enormous column of smoke that rose above the high tower of Castel Fumone was taken up and transmitted by Rocca di Cave, Castel S. Pietro di Palestrina and Paliano, and as far as the towers of the Urbe, warning Rome of imminent danger. The Castrum Fumonis was the highest Castellania of the Church in the lower part of Lazio, submitted to the authority of the Pope. From the existing historical documentation, it appears as the first feudatory of the Fortress a Leo de Fumonis in 1111. In 1118 Maurice Bourdin was imprisoned in Fumone, as a prisoner of state, a French monk who became Bishop of Coimbra and then Archbishop of Braga in Portugal. he died there in 1124 and whose body was never found again. In 1155 the castle was besieged in vain by Federico Barbarossa, and in 1186 Fumone was the only fortress that managed to resist the devastating work of Henry VI, the founder of the Swabian dynasty in Sicily. The prestige of the Rocca was a motive for autonomous and possession of the barons and the accounts to which it was entrusted, and this required numerous interventions by the popes Innocent III, Honorius III and Gregory IX ° to restore the submission of the Castle of Fumone. In 1295, escorted by six knights and thirty men of arms, Pope Celestino V was imprisoned in the fortress of Fumone, at the behest of the new Pope Boniface VIII °. The mild character, author of the "great refusal", died there after about ten months of imprisonment. In 1584 Giovanni Longhi, a Roman patrician, bought and began the transformation of the ancient and austere Rocca. The heirs completed the restoration and embellishment with the construction of a monumental roof garden of 3500 square meters, located above the fortress. The garden, attached to the main house, is one of the rare examples of its kind in Europe, and is typical of the classic Italian garden art. For its extension it is considered the largest in Europe among those that are at an altitude of over 800 meters above sea level, and the most precious thing that offers visitors is the magnificent panorama that offers the whole of Ciociaria. The view extends from the Colli Albani to the distant chain of the Aurunci Mountains, in Campania; from the peaks of the Simbruini and Ernici mountains to the Lepini Mountains, and around 45 surrounding villages dominate.

     

 

SATURNIA

the beautiful thermal waterfalls two hours from Rome. tural Baths of Saturnia recommend it especially in winter: when the cold of the outside and the warmth of the water will give you unique emotions. To try.

in Maremma grossetana, and rises on a travertine plateau at an altitude of 294 meters. It is characterized by a warm and temperate climate, with an average annual rainfall rather low: July is the hottest month with an average temperature of about 23 ° C, January the coldest with an average temperature of about 6 ° C. The earliest testimonies of the area around Saturnia date back to the Bronze Age (generally framed between 3500 and 1200 BC), even if the first more developed settlements are due to the Etruscans and seem to be datable to the 8th century BC. According to the Greek historian Dionigi di Alicarnasso, the city was founded by the Pelasgians and would have followed the fate of the nearby Vulci until 280 BC, when the whole area was conquered by Rome. Saturnia becomes first administrative headquarters and prefecture, then a Roman colony in 183 having Christ; it lives centuries of stability, then abruptly interrupted by the invasions of the Goths in 411 after Christ and the Lombards in 570 AD, which would have given rise to a long period of decadence. According to documents signed by Pope Clement III in 1188 Saturnia boasted its own castle, a plebeian church and, above all, a spa already frequented. At the time it was governed by the Aldobrandeschi family, although the infighting with Orvieto and Siena would have caused new destructive attacks: it is attested as a Sienese invasion against Margherita Aldobrandeschi has literally destroyed the village in 1299. The XIV century of Saturnia is still under the sign of ownership (first it is controlled by the Orvietans, then by the Baschi di Montemerano, then by the Orsini of Pitigliano), then, in 1410, the town was definitively conquered by Siena, which administered for almost two centuries (that is until 1593, when the Medici feuded it to the Marquis Ximenes). From here on, the story of Saturnia does not give big twists: the village has remained in a state of semi-abandonment during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, to begin to repopulate slowly only during the '900. Today Saturnia is a renowned tourist resort, famous throughout Italy for its splendid spas spread across a vast territory that ranges from Mount Amiata to the hills of Albegna and Fiora, passing through the Maremma Grosseto and Talamone. According to local legends, the Baths of Saturnia would have been born at the point where Jupiter threw his lightning directed against Saturn following a violent quarrel; it is certain that the therapeutic properties of their sulphurous waters (which flow at a temperature of 37.5 °, with a flow rate of 800 liters per second) have been known since the time of the Etruscans. The spa area has both freely accessible areas and luxurious establishments equipped with all comforts; the largest and most famous thermal waterfalls are those of the Mulino and Gorello.

http://www.cascate-del-mulino.info/en/

SATURNIA