SATURNIA

the beautiful thermal waterfalls two hours from Rome. tural Baths of Saturnia recommend it especially in winter: when the cold of the outside and the warmth of the water will give you unique emotions. To try.

in Maremma grossetana, and rises on a travertine plateau at an altitude of 294 meters. It is characterized by a warm and temperate climate, with an average annual rainfall rather low: July is the hottest month with an average temperature of about 23 ° C, January the coldest with an average temperature of about 6 ° C. The earliest testimonies of the area around Saturnia date back to the Bronze Age (generally framed between 3500 and 1200 BC), even if the first more developed settlements are due to the Etruscans and seem to be datable to the 8th century BC. According to the Greek historian Dionigi di Alicarnasso, the city was founded by the Pelasgians and would have followed the fate of the nearby Vulci until 280 BC, when the whole area was conquered by Rome. Saturnia becomes first administrative headquarters and prefecture, then a Roman colony in 183 having Christ; it lives centuries of stability, then abruptly interrupted by the invasions of the Goths in 411 after Christ and the Lombards in 570 AD, which would have given rise to a long period of decadence. According to documents signed by Pope Clement III in 1188 Saturnia boasted its own castle, a plebeian church and, above all, a spa already frequented. At the time it was governed by the Aldobrandeschi family, although the infighting with Orvieto and Siena would have caused new destructive attacks: it is attested as a Sienese invasion against Margherita Aldobrandeschi has literally destroyed the village in 1299. The XIV century of Saturnia is still under the sign of ownership (first it is controlled by the Orvietans, then by the Baschi di Montemerano, then by the Orsini of Pitigliano), then, in 1410, the town was definitively conquered by Siena, which administered for almost two centuries (that is until 1593, when the Medici feuded it to the Marquis Ximenes). From here on, the story of Saturnia does not give big twists: the village has remained in a state of semi-abandonment during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, to begin to repopulate slowly only during the '900. Today Saturnia is a renowned tourist resort, famous throughout Italy for its splendid spas spread across a vast territory that ranges from Mount Amiata to the hills of Albegna and Fiora, passing through the Maremma Grosseto and Talamone. According to local legends, the Baths of Saturnia would have been born at the point where Jupiter threw his lightning directed against Saturn following a violent quarrel; it is certain that the therapeutic properties of their sulphurous waters (which flow at a temperature of 37.5 °, with a flow rate of 800 liters per second) have been known since the time of the Etruscans. The spa area has both freely accessible areas and luxurious establishments equipped with all comforts; the largest and most famous thermal waterfalls are those of the Mulino and Gorello.

http://www.cascate-del-mulino.info/en/

SATURNIA

PITIGLIANO

The small Tuscan Jerusalem

The city of Pitigliano is located in the province of Grosseto, Tuscany, the cradle of culture of yesterday and today. Not surprisingly, Pitigliano has been included among the most beautiful villages in Italy under the patronage of the National Association of Italian Municipalities, or ANCI. The region surrounding Pitigliano is typical of the Maremma and the territory ranges from the border with the Lazio region up to the Volsini mountain range, a typical tuff area. The city, in fact, borders to the north with the municipality of Sorano, to the south-east with the Lazio region and, in particular, with the municipalities of Farnese, Ischia di Castro, Latera and Valentano, while to the west we find the town of Manciano. The height s.l.m. Pitigliano goes from 300 to more than 600 meters related to the area of ​​Poggio Evangelista, on the eastern border with Lazio. Pitigliano is located along the highway 74, therefore it is located halfway between the connection systems of the Tyrrhenian area and those of central Italy. Many tourists, on a journey that includes Pitigliano, include the town of Orbetello, on the coast and Grosseto. Known by the locals, it is the cliff of Pitigliano located between three ravines where there are tufa caves. Enchanting, then, is the view of the rivers that flow at the bottom of the valley or Lente, Meleta and Prochio. From the climatic point of view, it should be emphasized that Pitigliano is characterized by very low winter temperatures, while during the summer it is possible to suffer from the heat due to the fairly high temperatures; the average annual temperature is about 14 ° C. As far as the history of Pitigliano is concerned, first of all the Etruscans who in the tuff quarries built their houses here and who were present on site from the late Bronze Age, or from the 12th to the 11th centuries BC, were mentioned. The Etruscan presence there was also in the current data center the findings: precisely, we are talking about the remains of walls found in the district known as Capisotto. In an official capacity, however, Pitigliano appears for the first time in a bull that was sent by Pope Nicholas II to the head of the Sovana cathedral in the year 1061. The Orsini family ruled the County of Pitigliano for several centuries, protecting it from Siena , Orvieto and from the Medici Florence. Only in 1574, in fact, Nicholas IV Orsini had to cede Pitigliano, due to some debts, to the Florence of the Medici, so that it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Pitigliano, in 1737, passed to the Lorraine and began its tiring recovery phase. The economy of Pitigliano is mainly linked to the wine of which there is a large production and which attracts many visitors every year. In fact, wine and olive oil are the two products par excellence of the Tuscany region and of Pitigliano, in particular. Discretion is the development of the mining industry, mainly made of fossil flour, pumice and tuff. Fishing is a good source of income and is practiced mostly in the Lake of Mezzano. From a touristic point of view, visits, as we said, are mostly linked to events of an enogastromic nature, with the exception of the presence of some hotels and the usability of a sports facility for tennis and swimming.

PITIGLIANO

PITIGLIANO

The small Tuscan Jerusalem

The city of Pitigliano is located in the province of Grosseto, Tuscany, the cradle of culture of yesterday and today. Not surprisingly, Pitigliano has been included among the most beautiful villages in Italy under the patronage of the National Association of Italian Municipalities, or ANCI. The region surrounding Pitigliano is typical of the Maremma and the territory ranges from the border with the Lazio region up to the Volsini mountain range, a typical tuff area. The city, in fact, borders to the north with the municipality of Sorano, to the south-east with the Lazio region and, in particular, with the municipalities of Farnese, Ischia di Castro, Latera and Valentano, while to the west we find the town of Manciano. The height s.l.m. Pitigliano goes from 300 to more than 600 meters related to the area of ​​Poggio Evangelista, on the eastern border with Lazio. Pitigliano is located along the highway 74, therefore it is located halfway between the connection systems of the Tyrrhenian area and those of central Italy. Many tourists, on a journey that includes Pitigliano, include the town of Orbetello, on the coast and Grosseto. Known by the locals, it is the cliff of Pitigliano located between three ravines where there are tufa caves. Enchanting, then, is the view of the rivers that flow at the bottom of the valley or Lente, Meleta and Prochio. From the climatic point of view, it should be emphasized that Pitigliano is characterized by very low winter temperatures, while during the summer it is possible to suffer from the heat due to the fairly high temperatures; the average annual temperature is about 14 ° C. As far as the history of Pitigliano is concerned, first of all the Etruscans who in the tuff quarries built their houses here and who were present on site from the late Bronze Age, or from the 12th to the 11th centuries BC, were mentioned. The Etruscan presence there was also in the current data center the findings: precisely, we are talking about the remains of walls found in the district known as Capisotto. In an official capacity, however, Pitigliano appears for the first time in a bull that was sent by Pope Nicholas II to the head of the Sovana cathedral in the year 1061. The Orsini family ruled the County of Pitigliano for several centuries, protecting it from Siena , Orvieto and from the Medici Florence. Only in 1574, in fact, Nicholas IV Orsini had to cede Pitigliano, due to some debts, to the Florence of the Medici, so that it became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Pitigliano, in 1737, passed to the Lorraine and began its tiring recovery phase. The economy of Pitigliano is mainly linked to the wine of which there is a large production and which attracts many visitors every year. In fact, wine and olive oil are the two products par excellence of the Tuscany region and of Pitigliano, in particular. Discretion is the development of the mining industry, mainly made of fossil flour, pumice and tuff. Fishing is a good source of income and is practiced mostly in the Lake of Mezzano. From a touristic point of view, visits, as we said, are mostly linked to events of an enogastromic nature, with the exception of the presence of some hotels and the usability of a sports facility for tennis and swimming.

PITIGLIANO