*** Pick up at the hotel***
About 50 km south of Rome is the city of Cassino. On the mountain overlooking the city stands the Abbey of Montecassino which symbolizes the endurance and resilience of the Christian faith. This abbey is of special importance because it has been destroyed and rebuilt on four separate occasions, the most recent was in 1944 near the end of W.W.II.
The view from the top of the mountain is spectacular. Unfortunately, on the day of our visit the weather was not cooperative, so there are no pictures of the beautiful view. However, you will see some great pictures of the monastery and some of its treasures.The Montecassino
Monastery was founded by St. Benedict about 529 A.D. on the remnants of a pre-existing Roman fortification of the Municipum Casinum. The heathen cult was still practiced on this mountain site in the temple of Apollo and in a nearby holy grove to which a sacrifice area was adjoining.
Montecassino became famous for the prodigious life and the Sepulcher of its founder. Through the ages, the abbey was looked upon as a place of holiness, culture and art for which it became renowned on a world-wide level.
Around 577, the monastery was destroyed by the Longobards of Zotone, Duke of Beneventum, but early in the eighth century Pope Gregory II commissioned the Brescian Petronace to rebuild the monastery.
In 883, the Saracens invaded and sacked the Monastery and burnt it down, causing the death of Bertarius its saint Abbot, Founder of medieval Cassino. The surviving monks first fled to Teano and later to Capua. Monastic life was only fully resumed towards the middle of the tenth century, thanks to Abbot Aligerno.
The third destruction, caused by an earthquake, occurred in 1349. Nothing but a few walls remained of Abbot Desiderius’ splendid building.
Many new additions and embellishments were made during reconstruction so that the Abbey acquired the greatness and the imposing appearance it conserved until February 15, 1944, during the final stage of world war II when Montecassino happened to be on the firing line. This place of prayer and study which had become in these exceptional circumstances a peaceful shelter for hundreds of defenseless civilians, in only three hours was reduced to a heap of debris under which many of the refugees met their death.
Reconstruction and decoration works took more than a decade and were exclusively financed by the Italian State.
*** Lunch suggestions upon your request ***
The Abbey of Casamari is named for the “house of Marius.” Caius Marius was consul of Rome a record number of seven times; his son was the Sulla’s opponent in the civil war of 88 BC.
A Benedictine monastery was established on the site in the early 11th century and briefly flourished before falling into decline in the 12th century. Following a visit from St. Bernard of Clairvaux in 1134, the Abbey of Casamari became the 29th daughter house of Bernard’s Abbey of Clairvaux.
The Cistercians completely rebuilt the Benedictine buildings between 1203 and 1217, designing a new abbey church and monastery based on the standard Cistercian pattern.
Fortunately, most of the abbey’s architecture and monks survived the many hardships of the centuries, including a siege by Muzio Attendolo Sforza in 1417, commendatory abbots from 1430, closure by Napoleon in 1811, and suppression in 1873 (assets were confiscated, but the monks stayed on).
The abbey was extensively restored in the 1950s.
Today, the beautiful Abbey of Casamari still houses a Cistercian community numbering about 20. Despite their small number, the monks have founded new monasteries in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Brazil and the USA, and oversee 19 other monasteries.
Chartreuse TRISULTI ABBEY
This famous and stately Abbey was founded by Pope Innocenzo III in 1204 in the middle of secular woods. Inside you can see the rich invaluable works of art Church and the ancient Pharmacy (XVII Century).
The Abbey is a National Monument and contains a well supplied State Library.
*** Return to the hotel ***
SPECIAL OFFERS 430,00 Euro DURATION 12 hours
SMALL GROUP ROME Orvieto , Bolsena lake and Civita di Bagnoregio FULL DAY TOURS
- Pick up and Drop off at Your centrally located hotel
- Small group of maximum 8 people
- A/C Mercedes vehicle or similar and English speaking driver-guide
- Scenic photo stops along the panoramic places,
- Scenic drive in Country Road and plenty of photo stops
- Tour of countries with our expert local guide (not incluted)